What Is Permissioned Blockchain Technology?

What Is Permissioned Blockchain Technology?

A permissioned blockchain (PB) is a specific blockchain network characterized by controlled access and participation. Unlike public blockchains, which are open for anyone to join and participate in transactions and validation, permissioned blockchains are restricted to a predetermined group of users or entities. This limited access is often used in enterprise and consortium settings, where organizations or individuals need to maintain a higher degree of control, privacy, and security over the blockchain network.

One fundamental feature of permissioned blockchains is access control. Only authorized users, known and vetted by the network’s administrators, are permitted to join the network and engage in transactions. This contrasts with public blockchains like Bitcoin, where anyone can participate without requiring permission. Access control is essential for ensuring the integrity and trustworthiness of the participants in the network.

Additionally, PBs often prioritize data privacy and confidentiality. While public blockchains are transparent, with all data visible to anyone, permissioned blockchains limit the visibility of transaction details and smart contract information. This is especially critical in industries where sensitive or proprietary information is involved, such as finance, healthcare, and supply chain management. Data privacy measures are implemented to safeguard confidential information while still leveraging the advantages of blockchain technology.

How Does Permissioned Blockchain Work?

A permissioned blockchain works by implementing access controls, data privacy measures, and a controlled governance structure to create a more closed and trusted environment compared to public blockchains. Here’s how it works:

Access Control

Permissioned blockchains maintain strict access controls. Only authorized users or entities are allowed to participate in the network. These authorized participants are typically known and vetted by the network’s administrators. To join the network, users may need an invitation or approval from network administrators. This access control ensures that only trusted parties are involved in the blockchain’s operation.

Data Privacy

Data privacy and confidentiality are emphasized in permissioned blockchains. Unlike public blockchains, where all transaction data is visible to anyone, permissioned blockchains restrict the visibility of transaction details and smart contract information. Participants in the network may have access to some or all of the data, but sensitive or proprietary information is typically kept confidential. Data privacy measures are crucial in industries where protecting sensitive information is paramount.

Governance Structure

PBs often employ a centralized or consortium-based governance structure. This means that a designated authority, organization, or a group of organizations has control over network rules, consensus mechanisms, and decision-making processes. Governance decisions are typically made collectively by the network’s trusted participants. This centralized governance structure allows for more control and coordination among participants, making it suitable for consortiums and enterprises.

Consensus Mechanism

Permissioned blockchains use various consensus mechanisms, such as Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance (PBFT), Proof of Authority (PoA), or other mechanisms that prioritize efficiency and trust among known participants. These consensus mechanisms ensure that transactions are validated by trusted nodes and that malicious actors are excluded from the network.

Advantages Of Permissioned Blockchain

  • Enhanced Privacy: Permissioned blockchains prioritize data privacy and confidentiality, making them suitable for industries and applications where sensitive information must be protected.
  • Controlled Access: Access to the network is restricted to authorized users, which allows organizations to maintain control over who participates in the blockchain and ensures the integrity of the network.
  • Scalability: PBs can be more scalable than public blockchains, as they often use consensus mechanisms that are faster and more efficient, making them suitable for enterprise-level applications.
  • Efficiency: With a controlled group of validators, permissioned blockchains can achieve faster transaction processing speeds and lower energy consumption compared to proof-of-work systems used in public blockchains.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Permissioned blockchains can more easily adhere to regulatory requirements and compliance standards due to their controlled nature, making them attractive to industries with strict regulatory oversight.

Disadvantages Of Permissioned Blockchain

  • Centralization Concerns: The centralized governance structure of permissioned blockchains can lead to concerns about concentration of power and decision-making authority, which goes against the decentralized ethos of blockchain technology.
  • Reduced Transparency: The emphasis on privacy in permissioned blockchains can limit transparency, which may not be suitable for applications that require complete transparency and auditability.
  • Less Incentive for Validators: In permissioned blockchains, validators are often known and trusted entities, which may reduce the incentive for network participants to behave honestly and efficiently, as their reputation is less at stake.


In conclusion, permissioned blockchains offer enhanced privacy, control, and scalability, making them well-suited for certain enterprise use cases. However, they also face challenges related to centralization, reduced transparency, and potential vendor lock-in, which organizations must carefully consider when choosing a blockchain solution.

DISCLAIMER: It's important to know that the stories on this blog are not meant to serve as, nor should it be construed as, advice in legal, tax, investment, financial, or any other professional context. You should only invest an amount that you are prepared to lose, and it's advisable to consult with an independent financial expert if you're uncertain. For more information, kindly consult the terms of service and explore the assistance and support areas provided by the issuing or advertising entity. Our website is dedicated to accurate and unbiased reporting, but it's important to note that market circumstances may change rapidly. Additionally, please be aware that some (but not all) articles on our site are sponsored or paid posts.

Jesse Rosenbalm
About Author

Jesse Rosenbalm

Jesse Rosenbalm stands out in the crypto journalism realm, seamlessly blending intricate blockchain concepts with accessible prose. Known for his deep dives and accurate forecasting, Jesse's articles are a must-read for both novices and experts. As crypto trends shift, his insightful writings remain a beacon in the digital currency space.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Skip to content